Why an Abrasion Test Is Needed for Clothing and Garments

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An abrasion test on garments and clothing is required and specifically designed to evaluate the performance and durability of fabric used with several different types of clothing, most manufactured and tested are garments and underwear. These tests are performed to test the retention of the fabrics in these clothing, to evaluate the fabric and clothing under different factoring elements such a humidity, different temperatures as well as washing and handing strategies. Results from these tests can vary with each result based on the special coating on the fabric if the fabric has any, type of patterns or multiple fabrics within the garment, or any types of finishes on the fabric.


Most of these tests are performed to test how well the fabric withstands being worn during long periods of time, as well as testing the fabric’s strength. Various Lab tests done on fabrics for abrasion stability and durability include tumble abrasion, flat abrasion where sandpaper or emery paper might be used to perform this test, as well as flex abrasion to test the flexibility of the fabric when putting under stress or tension. As well as seam slippage, the way the fabric was cleaned, weather abuse on fabrics and garments and UV light exposure. All these variables have an outstanding effect on the way the fabric is tested and how well the results are after each test is completed. Testing procedures can be performed in multiple areas such as laboratories, factories, and warehouses, but preferably in laboratories for consistent and accurate end results.

Edge abrasion is highly recommended for testing on under garnets and fabrics, the sample of fabric or garnet is cut off, tested with an accelerator edge to gather the results. These tests gather results based on mass loss and edge abrasion, meaning the amount of material lost during the testing process. Abrasion wear can be described as a rip, tear or shred of fabric in garnets by a solid, harder material. These tests which are performed on these garments before the product reaches consumers provides evidence of what fabric can within stand a certain amount of ripping, tearing, shredding and or high-volume temperatures along with wear ability.

Giving consumers the best products with high-quality fabrics with the options tailored to each individual consumer’s needs or wants due to an abrasion test determining durability. Another testing method to determine the durability of the fabric, the fabric is worn for long periods of time as well as worn in different types of weather situations. The rips, shredding, and scrapes from each test the fabric is performed with, allows companies and consumers to choose which fabric best accommodates their needs. Edge abrasion is also highly recommended due to the high extensiveness of this test performs on the fabrics and garments, as well as the effectiveness and accuracy of these tests. Some fabrics do not perform well with all of these tests.

Seamstresses who handmake clothing and garments use the results of these tests to provide and use the correct fabrics for their customers to buy. Seamstresses have a few things they should keep in mind when purchasing and using fabrics from companies. One is how well the fabric will endure being dry cleaned or professionally cleaned, which fabric is best for being dry cleaned, and which fabric or garment can withstand a high volume of heat. Providing the best results for consumers is the main purpose these tests were created, also providing the consumer with the assurance their product will have a durable lifespan.